How can a high chest compression fraction be achieved? (2023)

You can obtain a high chest compression fraction by compressing the victim's chest at a rate of100-120 compressions per minute to a depth of 2-2.4 inches.Avoid leaning on the chestallow full recoil of the chest wallafter each compression andMinimize pauses in compressions.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a lifesaving technique used in emergencies to increase the patient's chances of survival while waiting for the emergency medical team to arrive. These medical situations include near drowning, heart attack, and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. CPR includes chest compressions andMouth-to-mouth🇧🇷 CPR circulates oxygen in the blood to the brain and heart, which are vital organs. CPR keeps the patient alive until more advanced procedures, such as defibrillation or an electrical shock to the chest, are administered to treat cardiac arrest. Without enough oxygen-rich blood, brain damage can occur in a matter of minutes. So there is minimal chance of recurrent cardiac arrest because the patient is suffering.

Why should you learn CPR?

Everyone, including medical and workplace personnel, should learn how to perform an effective CPR procedure, as it has the following benefits:

  • You can learn valuable life skills.
  • They can help prevent brain death.
  • They can protect their families.
  • You feel safe if an accident happens.
  • Among other things, they help save lives.

Read also - a study guide for cpr/aed class

Also, anyone can learn CPR, even if they don't work in emergency medicine. It can be learned by parents or anyone who just wants to be prepared for medical emergencies. Online certification is a great way to get trained and certified in life-saving first aid and CPR skills.

(Video) Calculating Chest Compression Fraction (CCF) during CPR.

When is CPR necessary?

CPR should be used when an adult stops breathing. In an infant or child, CPR should be used when breathing is not normal. It is recommended to usepediatric CPRif the child or an adult does not respond when touched or spoken to. The following are some of the circumstances that can cause breathing to stop and allow CPR to be performed on the patient:

  • Herzattackecardiac arrest
  • just before drowning
  • poisoning
  • suffocation
  • car accident
  • suffocating
  • electric shock
  • an alcohol or drug overdose and
  • suspected infant death

Read also -

  • What is the ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life Support) certification?

  • Why should you learn CPR?

Basic CPR steps:

CPR can greatly improve a person's survival rate if they stop breathing or have a heart attack. These are the basic steps of CPR:

Step 1. Contact the emergency response team:

First, make sure you are not in danger, such as B. falling off the masonry orfeuer🇧🇷 Now check if the person needs help. If he doesn't respond after tapping him on the shoulder and yelling if he's okay, contact emergency services teams such as 911 or ask a bystander to contact them before performing CPR.

Step 2. Lay the patient on their back and open the airway:

Gently turn the patient onto their back and kneel close to their chest. Lift your chin slightly tilting your head back. Open your mouth and look for obstructions, such as vomit, and remove them by any means necessary.

Step 3. Check if the person is breathing:

Place your ear close to the patient's mouth and listen carefully for about 10 seconds. If the person is not breathing, start CPR. Avoid CPR if the person is unconscious and breathing. Keep controlling your breathing andstart CPRwhen you stop breathing

Step 4. Give 30 chest compressions:

Place one hand on top of the other and bring them together. Keeping your elbows straight along with your palms, press quickly and firmly into the center of the chest, just below the nipples. Press at least 2 inches deep for an adult.compress the chestat a rate of 100 repetitions per minute, with the chest fully raised between compressions.

(Video) Science of CPR with Peter Kudenchuk, MD

For a child, use one hand and place it on the center of the chest (sternum). Press down quickly and firmly, about 1/3 of the way up to your chest, 100 times per minute. For a baby, use two fingers and place them on the breastbone, just below the breast and between the nipples. Give about 30 compressions about 1.5 inches deep.

Read also -

  • Compression rate for CPR in adults, children and infants

  • Deep Compression: How Deep Should CPR Chest Compressions Be?

  • Important difference between CPR in adults and children

Step 5. Perform rescue ventilation:

After slightly tilting your head back and lifting your chin, make sure your mouth is visible and pinch your nose. Place her mouth completely over hers and blow air so that her chest rises. Repeat the breaths, noticing the chest rise again.

Read also -

  • The importance of mouth-to-mouth breathing in CPR

  • CPR versus rescue ventilation: the fundamental difference

Step 6. Repeat the above process:

Repeat the cycle of about 30 compressions followed by two breaths until help arrives or the patient breathes again. If an AED is available, continue CPR until the device is set up and ready to use.

Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a timely manner is sometimes known as the difference between life and death. However, some critical parameters must be carefully executed for CPR to be most effective and accurate.

Read also - 5 Common CPR Side Effects Everyone Should Know

What is quality CPR?

Quality CPR must comply with the metrics established by theDirectrices de la American Heart Association (AHA).🇧🇷 When the victim of cardiac arrest receives quality CPR, their chances of survival and neurological outcome improve. In fact, quality CPR makes the victim up to four times more likely to experience neurological recovery.

(Video) Measuring and Calculating Chest Compression Fraction (CCF)

Factors to consider to ensure quality CPR

The latest guidelines from the American Heart Association and Emergency Cardiovascular Care identified five critical components necessary for quality CPR. Those are:

  1. Achieve a rate of 100 to 120 chest compressions per minute.
  2. Compress the chest to a depth of 2 to 2.4 inches (5 to 6 centimeters).
  3. Avoid leaning on the chest to allow the chest wall to fully retract after each compression.
  4. Minimize pauses in compressions (Chest compression fraction> 60%).
  5. Avoid hyperventilation by holding two breaths for every 30 compressions without airway dilation or ten breaths per minute with a dilated airway.

Read also - What is bag-valve-mask ventilation and how is it used?

compression ratio:

The clear priority duringCPR is designed to deliver an effective chest compression ratefor the patient If the rescuer cannot coordinate the patient's breathing, for example, because it takes too long or is uncomfortable, the patient may die. Effective chest compressions alone have many benefits. Chest compression rates, which measure how fast CPR is performed, should be 100 to 120 compressions per minute. The person performing CPR must ensure that chest compressions are not too slow. If the compressions are too slow, the blood will not circulate efficiently throughout the body.

On the other hand, if the compressions are too fast, the heart does not have enough time to fill with blood. This means that cardiac output falls. Therefore, for chest compressions to be effective during CPR, the rescuer must carefully manage the compression rate.

compression depth:

The depth of compressions is another factor that must be considered very critical for effective compressions during CPR. It measures how far the center of the chest, the sternum, is pushed when performing CPR. Preferred by most adults.deep compressionthat's two inches. Also, the chest should be able to fully retract after each compression. This is also important because it allows the heart to fill with blood, which in turn helps improve cardiac output.

compression fraction:

Chest compression fraction simply means the time spent during cardiac arrest while performing a CPR procedure. This also means that it will take some time for cardiac output to rise again. Therefore, it makes sense to minimize interruptions during CPR to achieve quality CPR. For example, suppose the bystander performing CPR gets tired and wants to connect with another person to continue CPR. In this case, the exchange should not exceed 10 seconds. Compressions should continue while other rescuers carryDEAif available.

ventilation rate:

For patients requiring ventilation, the ventilation rate is the rate at which ventilation is delivered primarily through a bag-valve mask. The rate of ventilation must be regulated because hyperventilation or overventilation can significantly affect the outcome of effective CPR. For example, increased pressure in the chest cavity may be due to excessive ventilation.

Read also - Know the 3 different types of heartbeats, symptoms and treatment

(Video) Practicing Chest Compressions

Get CPR Certified Online

CPR training is available at some community training centers and has proven valuable. CPR training centers have increased significantly as most employers and hospitals require themlearn employeesand obtain certifications in CPR.Online CPR CoursesNew offers were also created, more accessible and convenient for individuals or workers that are only available on weekends or non-working days.

Online CPR Trainingit is perfect for working professionals with busy schedules or 9-5 jobs. The program can be flexible and affordable, and everyone can complete the course at their own pace. Most of the courses available follow the most recent guidelines from the American Heart Association and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. A person can choose to study the course online from anywhere, and as their schedule becomes clearer, they can now take hands-on training. The key here is to acquire CPR skills, either forCareer or employment reasons, acquired online or through physical learning, to face health and medical emergencies with confidence.

get one free and prepare for the official certification exam.

frequent questions:

What is the recommended compression rate for quality CPR?

To ensure quality CPR, the recommended chest compression rate is 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Compression rates above or below this range reduce the victim's chances of survival.

Why is it important to compress to the correct depth during CPR?

It is important to compress to the proper depth during CPR to generate blood flow during compressions. The depth of chest compressions for an adult patient should be at least 2 inches.

Should I stop compressions if the victim has difficulty breathing?

Wheezing is a common sign of cardiac arrest and usually occurs within minutes after cardiac arrest and persists when effective compressions are delivered. Therefore, it is not a sign of recovery. Just continue to give chest compressions until emergency medical personnel arrive.

Is it necessary to remove the victim's clothing to perform hands-only CPR?

It is not necessary to remove the victim's clothing for chest compressions or hands-only CPR. However, if an AED is available, turn on the device and follow the "Remove Patient Clothes" instructions, whether you are performing traditional CPR or just manual CPR. The defibrillator electrodes must be placed directly on the patient's skin to conduct electrical current.


(Video) Compression Fraction Alone does not Adequately Measure CPR Quality in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

The quality of CPR is a critical factor in survival after cardiac arrest. Everyone should strive to acquire CPR skills, as they can be beneficial in the event of an accident, whether at home or at work. This will help increase the survival rate of cardiac arrest patients.

These skills can help save lives, prevent brain damage in a person in cardiac arrest, and protect family members, among other things. It should also be ensured that chest compressions are effective during CPR, taking into account factors such as compression ratio, compression depth, compression factor, and ventilation rate. This can be accomplished through busy schedules at work. You can learn to perform quality procedures. This greatly reduces accidents and fatalities at work and even at home. Online CPR Certifications for Medical Professionals

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