Identifying the Unicorn (Indo-Saraswati Civilization) - Indian Stories (2023)

Well this is a slightly different genre title as you can tell by the unicorn id and icon. Now, for those of you who are not familiar, I'll show you, and now these are the seals. How many of them? Lots of tests again. Detailed speculation, great evidence. OKAY? Unlike others where we have little evidence and much speculation. So how many such stamps? Many. Where from? Everywhere. (They talk about everyone, yes, this can be disclosed).

These are the types of stamps. This is a specimen from the national museum. These are the type of seals, there are thousands of them scattered all over the Harappan places that I showed you before. Lothal, Dholavira, Mohenjo-Daro, Harappan, Kalibangan, Banawali, Rakhigarhi, you name a place and they are there. What are you? A bull-like animal standing in front of a staff-like object. That's the description now. This is an overview. Now what is this bull-like animal? It is commonly called a unicorn. Why? Because it has only one horn. People started making references to him. Someone said it was later called a unicorn when people at the convention started thinking it was a real animal or something. We will talk about this later.

And then this object. What is this object? Well, very interesting, the other evidence is actuallyvery interesting.There are other animals. Four of them can be seen. What are you? Bison, rhino, buffalo and tiger. In a very dry area, very interesting. We have rhinos and they are all very good jungle animals. And then what are they connected to? They are also associated with an object. And if you can see the object and the cows are not taken care of,aapne go palan nahi kiya toh aap ko nahi samaj mein aayega, woh naad hei woh. Charniya jismein khila rahe dhe woh iss pashuvom ko. What animals do they eat? A rhino? A tiger? A bison, a buffalo? And the buffalo is also a wild animal. It is not yet a domesticated animal. Keep that in mind, and now all these animals are being fed and the other bull that we saw earlier, oddly enough, is standing in front of something. IT'S OKAY.

That is the signal now. And this is not flimsy evidence. What are the suggestions of scholars already? Let's see, this is a unicorn they say, it's a very interesting proposal, in fact we are betting on it. That was the first clue. They say it's an aurochs. Well this is an extinct animal and Bos primigenius and it's just a profile view of the Aurochian. If you can see the resemblance. What happens when you see this animal in profile, from the side, is a very beautiful image of this animal that the horns overlap. You only see one horn on the side, but of course there are some stubborn ones and they started to believe because a Greek writer said that Theseus said that there was a horn in India, that of a deer-like animal with only one horn. resembles Then they said: Nahi! Not! The unicorn must have been a real animal. IT'S OKAY. Something like that and then we are going to show that it cannot be, that it is unsustainable.

And the cult object? This is called a cult object, in fact they named it. You already anticipated what I am going to tell you, that there is a cult, a ritual of which this object is an icon. Well this is ivory, piece of ivory, many regardless. That's the same as it was before that bull, remember. Now a lot of people thought about a lot of things. Finally we see Mahadevan. Well, Mahadevan is a great Indian scholar who is currently working on the script and has suggested that it is a summation filter. But preferably I have never been to a Soma Yaga. That's the problem. We don't want to know about any Vedic ritual even if we want to talk about the Vedas and of course it is better never to talk about the Vedas. This is the strategy that all these Harappan scholars have chosen. They assumed that the rags are pre-vedic. Therefore, never search in the Vedas. Marshall explains this often in his book. We do not look for such a ritual in the Vedas.

But unfortunately you lost the truth and those who lost that truth pay the price, that's all. Simple rule. So those wild animals already knew this was fun, right? Wild animals also said this with manger it simply means this is a ritual because people with common sense would believe that in ordinary life wild animals are fed in a manger or feeder. So this is not an ordinary life. So what does it have to be? It must be a bit of fun, you know.Poisonetc then these must be some rituals they thought they believed in ki yeh sabh kuch devi puja because they thought ki devi puja predated the vedas. Although the Vedas, of course, believe that all Devi-Puja and Shiva-Puja come from the Vedas. But Europeans don't think so. They say that these Shiva Puja and Devi Puja were all adopted by the Vedas when they came to India, when they defeated these Dravidas etc. etc. BLA bla.

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So now, but then we don't have that approach. We just want, we want to analyze whether such a visible iconographic element suggests something in some world literature or in some world practice. That is the challenge. So now let's look at the statistics for these stamps. It is a very interesting statistic. If you see unicorn bulls, how many of them were found? More than 1,200 and without exception always with the same objects of worship. Very funny. Wherever you find it, if it's thousands of miles away, you find them and they think these are some, you know, fun. They think these are the stamps of some merchants like it's an East India company or something that has offices everywhere and officers everywhere. They all have the same seal. 1,200 stamps out of a total of 1,700 stamps. 1200 stamps are of the same type. They are always the same with the unicorn bull. This unicorn bull is always a cult object.

Now when you look at the other stamps we come to a rule, that's how science works, right? We analyze the data and arrive at a statistical rule. What's that? The unicorn is associated with a cult object and wild animals with a cradle. Now let's say, does this mean some ritual? Is this rule explained in any world literature? That is the challenge. Now is the time. They probably sacrificed an Urus bull. Yes? I guess so and then wild animals like bison are fed. The power duct is likely intended for power. That should be? Marshal sees a ritual, yes. But which? But he says no, no, etc., I've said this before, and they still can't explain it, and we came to a conclusion the day after looking at the evidence. The first day I went to the central archaeological library and I saw this, they have a corpus, 3000 photographs, which they have together in 3 volumes. So unavailable that I went to the librarian thinking my eyes were open. I asked: "What is it?" I know about that. Not known to others, but known to me.

And then I checked with my friends and then the result is. What is

Yupeshu Gramyanpashuninyunjanthi Arogyeshv aranyaan dhaarayanthi.

This is Ashwamedha's signature,

Yupeshu Gramyanpashuninyunjanthi Arogyeshv aranyaan dhaarayanthi.

Actually this is a proposition from the Veda, I did not invent it. This is the set that fulfills all the characteristics that we have just indicated in this statistical analysis. How is that? Well, that's what I want to explain here. If you can stand me Whenever you see someone like you, you will see this gold coin. whose is this Samudraguptas. Shows? An animal standing in front of a tree, you know? What's that? It is an Ashwamedha coin. It is Ashwa standing in front of a yupa. Well, those are the two words to remember. Yupa is the sacrificial bed where the animal will be kept. Only solemnly, it should not be tied, it should be kept there. And then you compare it to the unicorn bull, the so-called.

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Now if we do, what is the object of worship? Is it Yupa? Here comes a question. Let me show you the resemblance. It invariably has 3 different characteristics. However this item is called a cult item, it has 3 parts, iconic very well demonstrated, it's the hat part, then there's a cane, and then there's a goblet part in the middle. They are actually Chashala, Yupa and Svaru. Anyone interested in these Vedic rituals can be explained, this can still be done. All these rituals can still be performed in principle. Of course no one would spend time on these superstitions or they exist. Just to accept others. I am not saying that these rituals are performed in Harappa. Notice. You will remember this because I will have to explain this iconography later.

What's that? This is a silver Kaushambi marked coin found by GR Sharma in 1956. It was in the lowest stratum formed along with the Shenajithi identified as Naramedha. Because he found some human skulls, he thought it was a human murder, a human sacrifice. But actually he wasn't. In fact, it was just Ashwamedha. But he never understood the ritual. In fact, half of the book is divided into the Ashwamedha ritual, but again in a modern way, he didn't really understand the ritual. What's going on now is this silver coin with the mark that he addressed what, 7th century BC. Of course this is a date, like I said, it's up for grabs. In fact, this is all Harappan, you can see these elements, you can see that the so-called Nandipad and the swastika are obviously the most famous and Indradhvaja, who has nothing to do with Yupa, Yupa himself, and then there is a Gaja, who It is also a Harappan icon and what we see is the temples in South India, they have this tradition of what we call Dhvajasthamba and in front of it is a Baliharanapeetha. Of course, people just put rice in it. But actually it is an agamic adaptation of the Vedic Yaga where the temple represents the Avaniya and that is Yupa and that is Pashu.

And then we found these rock monuments near Kota. These are the Moukhri kings. Again wrong dated 3 by themthirdcentury BC But they are back in season 11ºcentury BC. or about 7ºo 8ºcentury BC. and what we see there is of course a legible inscription, very clear. that'sThrrathragarkha.Garkhathrirathra to importthere are thousands of cows like Dakshina and 4 brothers who performed one by one five brothers sorry and the fifth is missing and four stone yupas have been erected. In fact, all the yupas that you find in India have come out, all these pillars, you know, stone pillars, they are from the Vedic tradition. It's the yupa, which is actually made from a tree and doesn't last long. So what people do is they need to bring their memories back for a long time, unlike the Vedics, the Vedics are like, their life is like in the water, they say, “Paani-ki-Falta“.But these people want their monuments, you know, they're more like the asuras. They want big temples etc., but the yagas don't have temples. Yaga disappears. Nothing remains of a yaga except that "say"what is underground, and what happens then, people began to use rock yupas to remember their yagas. So those are just side items right now. And now let's compare the unicorn. We are talking about Yupa.

Now let's talk about that unicorn. Now, the editors of this corpus propose, as they say, Bos primigenius. But do you have a photo of Bos primigenius? Interestingly, we have this Babylon, the wall of Babylon has 250 of these bulls. And they are very large paintings, six feet tall and what size do you see? 1 inch. It is a 1 inch x 1 inch symbol. And we have this six-foot sculpture on the wall and you can see its remarkable likeness, look at the tail, look at the genital area, look at the forward-facing horn, and look at the single ear. . OKAY? Those are the similarities.

We'll talk about the differences shortly. But in between, there is evidence to the contrary for those who believe it is a real one-horned animal. We again show a Sumerian cylinder seal from around 3000 BC. and what shows? In case you already noticed. It is a herd of cows with the same horn. These are cows remember they are all female and have calves in the middle and there is a hut showing this is a domesticated herdTaurischcattle and the same ear, the same horn. This goes to show that this is an iconic fashion that is prevalent all over the world. If you go to the scale in France, go to the scale in India, everywhere you will see the same representation of that animal because it is a special characteristic of that animal. So this is not a unicorn, this is Bos primigenius.

But is Bos primigenius really complete? Let's talk about it. Let's compare it with Urus. This is what the real Urus looks like. What is the difference? If you noticed, look at the neck, look at the frame. It does not adjust. Why? It is an iconic representation. Ultimately, it is a stamp made by someone with an interest. So what is it? If you see the Harappan tablet below, that's the clue. If you see the Harappan tablet, the same Harappan people are making this Urus bull. It's the 8176A tablet. And the Urus is remarkably similar to the real Urus. But the Urus icon is not the same. So what is it? It is actually a compound. You love compounds. Iconic Harappan artists love to write songs. It is sufficiently supported by the data.

Now look at things. The saddle and muzzle and neck, elongated and decorated neck. When I incorporate these three things into my ritual knowledge, I understand that they really show an Ashwa and that the Ashwa is small. Is it Equus caballus? No, it is Bharatiya Ashwa. What is it for Bharatiya Ashwa? Just look how it looks and people said they don't have carriages in Harappan. They have a wagon and I agree that it is a toy wagon, it is a copper wagon. Now, who's to say it's not a car?

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And then we have this onager. Look at it and that's a tablet. It is called the Processional Table and what is the characteristic of this Ashwa, people must remember, but it must be emphasized that it is indeed an argument against Ashwa. If people want to show an invasion, they should show this 34-ribbed Ashwa on the continent of the so-called Aryans. The honor is theirs. You must show Ashwa there. And they won't be able to prove it. All of them already have 36 Ashwa ripped there. So what we are saying is 34 Rib Ashwa which is simply mentioned in Veda. For everything else Veda is Pramanam, why is this Veda not Pramanam for you? There it is, you know.

Chathushthrithadvajino devabandho vankrirashwasya swadhithir samethi

It is there in the Rig Veda, it is there in the Yajur Veda, all the shakhas are there, no one can blah blah afterwards. Nothing to do, everything is there. It is 34-ribbed ashwa and there are many other very interesting things here. This is Prashrunga, Avashrunga, what is it now, where is the Veda going? What animal is this? I say Bos primigenius, but what does Veda mean? Do you have a name? How else should I relate it? Yes. The Vedas have a name for this. It is not just a name, it is a unique description of this animal. he is a semi-savageNa hi vaishya gramyo na aaranyaya: gomrigaha.The name is Gomriga and it is the 11th of the cattle. There is a list of 11 species of cattle and you can look at all this evidence and there is actually a description of this gomriga. This confirms that it is indeed the Indian Urus. This is not Bos primigenius, but Bos namadicus. And this Bos primigenius namadicus is documented by archaeological finds? Yes.

This is Banerjee 1976 who found his evidence in Susunia, Mochapal to Bengal, and then Kaushambi G.R. himself. Sharma in 1956, Shyenchiti himself also had a lower jaw of this Bos namadicus and no one counted. In 1956 he found Shyenchiti and Ashvamedha Avashesha at Kaushambi and found a Bos namadicus lower jaw there. Guys, you go back to the 3rd century, 7th century BC. But that's his misfortune.

Now what is Ashwamedha etc.? I can explain if you want what this Ashwamedha etc is, but this is how the Yaga should be done. This is the act of sacrifice and then we have 21 yupas. There are 21 pens and the center peg has Ashwa Gomriga Yupa on it. Now I would like to explain why this compound Ashwa is there. Why not Pure Ashwa? Why not purely Gomriga? The reason is Ashwamedha, you may have heard of Ashwamedha but would you know that there is Ashwa in Ashvamedha? It's not? But no, it's not that simple. In fact, the Ashwa is accompanied by many other animals, the most important of which isAshvasthoopa rogomrigamithipraaja pathyaa thanagnishta aalabedhaand Gomriga gets the same treatment as Ashwa.

What this treatment consists of, I do not share many details. Well the other animals cover the horse and then I'll basically explain, well here's another weird panel for you. So you see this H180 tablet. Now you see the correct part. What's that? It's an inverted human figure and between, let's say, legs, you'll find a little creature. What's that? Marshall explained it very funny, but no, it's not really. It's Ashwamedha's signature.

Once again I will not explain too much. People say that the Harappas show no signs of duality. Can you see that he is holding a sword and why? Why does the same tablet have this on this side and that on the other side? Alright we explain that and well that's Ashwamedha again. And those are the things, that's all the supporting evidence. Well someday I can explain to you if you really want or give me a chance and then all this is backed by strong internal evidence and that is Ashvamedha.

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What's that? This is the Kalibangan 119 tablet. It is actually a terracotta graphite. It is a terracotta piece that has a very funny image. It's graphite, two sides, both sides have graphite, that's what you see, so it shows, right? You see, this is the famous Hatnikal Pashupathy. I will not explain Pashupatia here, actually it is not Pashupatia at all. It is King Yajamana and I made this drawing here. What's that? It's a funny picture, you know. There's a hooded figure, and this guy, a human figure, holding a rope and tying a rope around his neck and pulling him. you know what it is. Those who have not studied the rituals will never be able to understand what it is. Nowhere in the world, in no victim in the world, is an animal subjected to this treatment, and there is a complete sentence that describes this treatment. It is called,

Shyamoolena Ashwam Sounyapayanthi Spandhyan Giridharan Pashoon

OKAY? This is the process of sacrifice. Anyway, this is another very interesting test. What you see here is, do you see this animal? This accompanies this Babylonian world. 250 bulls displayed correctly? These animals accompany this wall and are contemporary with the apostle's denial of the Old Testament and in the end he killed this animal. This is the dragon. This is the dragon of the Hebrews and Greeks and the Babylonians call it Sirush, and we have an interesting dish in Harappa. It's not very similar, but what's striking is that it has a long neck and they wanted to show something that almost looks like a mouth, but you see, it's not really. it's a tail

And then there is a remarkable description of this beast, not on earth, but in heaven. And interestingly, that means Draco. This beast of the Veda, what the Veda describes, describes an animal called Shishumara, near what was then the North Star of 3000 B.C. BC if you remember other conferences that took place here. In the year 3000 BC the pole star was Alpha Draco, which was the tail star of this constellation. is calledAbhaya Chathurtham.

Yasmay Namstha Shirodharmomoordhanam

We do this every day, I've been doing this for 30 years. I have been praying, I have been seeking where Dhruva is. But he is not there. I have been searching for this Shishumara which is uniformly described in all Vedic texts, but it is not there. I recently realized that it is not there because the North Star has changed. What we currently see as the Little Dipper is the Pole Star, you know, the North Star. Actually that was the constellation, I don't show the constellation here. Is famous. You can always check it. It is called the Shishumara constellation and the animal has many descriptions in the Veda. It was a living and surviving animal in Vedic times but definitely became extinct in Harappan times. So they have a speculative image. They didn't see the animal but they have to show it by the ritual procedures, they show it in some imaginary way, you see the similarities and that's what you do, hang in there. These are all small speculations with a lot of evidence.

Ashvamedha, in the photo, shows the Gomriga. For wild animals, show the other seals. In Ashvamedha there are 21 yupas and in the yupas they have domestic animals and between the yupas they place wild animals and there is a list of 300 wild animals from elephant to mosquito size and they must be kept in nets such as mosquito nets etc. birds, then the crocodile on the boats and the fish are there, they have tigers. There is a list of 300 animals to be kept among the Yupas.

(Video) Indus Valley Civilization: Crash Course World History #2


What is unicorn in Indus Valley Civilization? ›

The unicorn is the most common motif on Indus seals and appears to represent a mythical animal that Greek and Roman sources trace back to the Indian subcontinent. A relatively long inscription of eight symbols runs along the top of the seal.

What are the main features of Indus Saraswati civilization? ›

Indus-Sarasvati Civilization artifacts such as seals, beads and pottery have been found in Mesopotamia, Oman and Bahrain, indicating trade with distant regions across both land and ocean. This was an advanced civilisation as they developed script, agriculture, urbanization, architecture, drainage systems and trade.

Which civilization is known as Saraswati civilization? ›

The Indus Valley Civilisation is sometimes called the "Sarasvati culture", "Sarasvati Civilization", "Indus Ghaggar-Hakra civilisation," "Indus-Sarasvati Civilization," or "Sindhu-Sarasvati Civilization" by Hindutva revisionists, referring to the Sarasvati river mentioned in the Vedas, and equating the Vedic culture ...

Is unicorn found in Harappan civilization? ›

Unicorn seal with perforated boss on the back. Mark Kenoyer (2013, pp. 107–125) points out that a number of terracotta figurines of a unicorn bull in three-dimensional form, found at Chanhudaro and other sites, confirm that the Harappans indeed conceived of the unicorn as a one-horned animal.

What are the 3 types of unicorns? ›

But we at the Society know that unicorns are real. There are seven types in the world today – Mountain Jewels, Water Moons, Woodland Flowers, Desert Flames, Ice Wanderers, Storm Chasers and Shadow Nights.

What is the story of the unicorn? ›

The unicorn is often shown hunted, raising parallels both with vulnerable virgins and sometimes the Passion of Christ. The myths refer to a beast with one horn that can only be tamed by a virgin; subsequently, some writers translated this into an allegory for Christ's relationship with the Virgin Mary.

What were the two main cities of Saraswati Indus civilization? ›

The Harappan civilization was located in the Indus River valley. Its two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, were located in present-day Pakistan's Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively.

Why was Saraswati a civilization? ›

The Sarasvati Civilization: A New Paradigm in Ancient Indian History brings together evidence from satellite imagery, geology, hydrodynamics, archaeology, epigraphy, textual hermeneutics, and DNA research to place together ancient Indian history in the light of new discoveries and facts which were simply not available ...

How old is Saraswati civilization? ›

This conclusion that the Saraswati was part of the Ghaggar system has been challenged by researchers who claim that the Ghaggar-Hakra river system had dried up before the Harappan civilization ended. The Harappan civilization emerged on the course of the river system 5,000 years ago after the monsoons diminished.

What did Saraswati look like? ›

The goddess Saraswati is often depicted as a beautiful woman dressed in pure white, often seated on a white lotus, which symbolizes light, knowledge and truth. She not only embodies knowledge but also the experience of the highest reality.

What is the history of Saraswati? ›

Saraswati first appears in the Rigveda and, in later religious texts, she is identified as the inventor of Sanskrit and, appropriately, gives Ganesha the gifts of pen and inks. She is also a patron of the arts and sciences, and the wife of Brahma, even if the Bengal Vaisnavas considered her first the wife of Vishnu.

What was Saraswati known for? ›

Maa (Mother) Saraswati is a Hindu goddess who represents education, creativity, and music. The name Saraswati stems from the Sanskrit root "saras," which means "that which is fluid." Maa Saraswati is known to bring order out of chaos and has a calming and centering personality.

Who was the first unicorn in India? ›

1. MakeMyTrip. MMT became the first ever Unicorn in India in 2010.

How many unicorns did India have? ›

During the year, 24 Indian start-ups became unicorns. Incidentally, 1 out of every 13 unicorns globally was born in India. The SaaS sector toppled fintech to become the largest-unicorn generator in 2022. Fintech ranked second, followed by logistics.

Where was the real unicorn found? ›

The fossil was found in Kazakhstan recently. Unfortunately, the Siberian unicorn didn't quite mimic the mythical creatures found in storybooks – and looked more like a modern-day rhino. It was 1.8 metres tall, over 4 metres long and weighed more than 4 tonnes!

How do you identify a unicorn? ›

Identifying a Potential Unicorn
  1. Privately Held. Unicorns are typically privately held companies that get capital by raising additional rounds of funding from venture capital or private equity firms. ...
  2. Disruptively Innovative. ...
  3. First-Mover's Advantage. ...
  4. Focus on Tech. ...
  5. Global Market Opportunity. ...
  6. Take Caution.
Jan 24, 2020

What type of woman is a unicorn? ›

A unicorn is a person who is willing to join an existing couple. They may join the couple only for sex, or they may become a more involved part of the relationship and spend nonsexual, companionship time together too. The word is used for this description because unicorns are rare, mythical, and hard-to-find creatures.

What is the spiritual meaning of unicorn? ›

Unicorn Symbolism and Meaning

The unicorn is a symbol of purity and grace. This majestic creature represents all that is good in the world and reminds us that we should strive to be our best selves. Those with the unicorn as their spirit animal are gentle souls who deeply understand the world around them.

Where did unicorn stories come from? ›

The first written evidence we have for unicorns appears in ancient Greece, not (as you might expect) in writings of mythology but in 'natural history' writings, once again on the ancient Near East.

What mythology are unicorns from? ›

But where did this myth come from? Unicorn-like imagery dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization (about 3300 B.C. to 1300 B.C.) in South Asia, which included parts of modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. A side profile of what looks like a horse with a single horn appears on seals from that period.

When did the unicorn myth start? ›

The roots of the unicorn myth date back at least as far as 400 BCE, when the Greek historian Ctesias first documented a unicorn-like animal in his writings on the region of India.

What religion was Indus-Sarasvati? ›

We often rely on the myth that Vedic 'Aryans' invaded the Indus Valley? But archaeological finds suggest that the inhabitants of Indus-Sarasvati civilisation followed the Vedic religion.

Which are the 3 famous cities associated with Indus Valley Civilization? ›

These cities include Harappa, Ganeriwala, and Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan and Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothal in modern-day India. In total, more than 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the Indus River and its tributaries.

How was the political life of the people in Saraswati Indus civilization? ›

It was a civilization with cities but, at least politically, it was not a state. The civilization was most likely ruled by an authoritarian state with priestly characteristics that imposed cultural homogeneity.

What is the significance of Saraswati symbol? ›

Goddess Saraswati's four arms symbolize a variety of concepts: Her immanence and transcendence. Her front arms depict the Goddess' activity in the material realm while the back arms activity in the spiritual realm. The four elements of inner life which include mind, intellect, ego, and Consciousness.

Is Saraswati good or evil? ›

Due to the embodiment of speech, then, Saraswati is present wherever speech exists. As speech or language is the origin of poetry, Saraswati's role as the goodness associated with poetic inspiration, eloquence, learning and art become more popular and emphasized while her role as River Saraswati is lessened.

Is Saraswati river myth or reality? ›

Satellite images, supported by a four-year drilling exercise, which was guided by ancient literature, have established that the river Saraswati is not a myth. It was a huge river that died a premature death about 5,000 years ago, and is now buried 60 metres below the ground.

What is the old name of Saraswati? ›

Ancient Hindu texts including the Vedas, Manusmriti and Puranas call the river by many names which include Markanda, Hakra, Suprabha, Kanchanakshi, Visala, Manorama.

Does Saraswati exist? ›

The researchers provide evidence that the Saraswati was perennial and had flowed from the Higher Himalayas between 7,000 BC and 2,500 BC, and that the Harappans had built their early settlements along this powerful river between 3,800 BC and 1,900 BC.

How many forms of Saraswati are there? ›

16 Forms of Maa Saraswati ideas | goddess artwork, temple drawing, temple art.

What are the 7 forms of Saraswati? ›

The sloka, “Chintamani gnana neela ghatakinyam tarikshtaha..” tells us that Chintamani Saraswati, Gnyana Saraswati, Neela Saraswati, Ghata Saraswati, Kini Saraswati, Antariksha Saraswati, and Maha Saraswati are the seven forms in which the goddess is spread in the universe.

What color is Saraswati? ›

Devi Saraswati's favorite colour is yellow. Saraswati idols are always decorated with yellow flowers and sarees of the same colour and sometimes white is also used symbolizing purity and wisdom. People celebrating Saraswati Puja traditionally dress in yellow clothes and accessories during Basant Panchami.

What is the colour of Saraswati? ›

Yellow is associated with Saraswati as the colour symbolises knowledge and also denotes mustard fields that are associated with the arrival of spring season hence, yellow flowers and sweets are offered to the goddess as a part of the puja rituals.

What are the 12 names of goddess Saraswati? ›

The twelve names that are chanted are Bharati, Saraswati, Sarada, Hamsavahini, Jagatikhyta, Vagishwari, Kaumari, Brahmacharini, Budhi Dhatri, Varadayini, Ksudraghanta and Bhuvenshwari.

Why is Saraswati not visible? ›

The diversion of the river water through separation of its tributaries led to the conversion of the river as disconnected lakes and pools; ultimately it was reduced to a dry channel bed. Therefore, the river Saraswati has not disappeared but only dried up in some stretches.

What is the another name of Saraswati? ›

Saraswati is the goddess of wisdom, learning, arts and career in Hinduism. She is the consort of Brahma, the creator.
Names of goddess Saraswati.
BhamaThe personification of perfection
BrahmiThe consort of Brahma
BrahmajnanaikasadhanaThe means to attain wisdom
SaudaminiThe one resplendent like lightening
57 more rows
Aug 28, 2017

What are some fun facts about Saraswati? ›

Maa Saraswati is also called Shatarupa, a goddess with multiple forms. She used to take forms of different animal to escape from the infatuation of Brahma because of her beauty. In the eastern part of India, Maa Saraswati is considered the daughter of Lord Shiva and Maa Durga.

What are Saraswati powers? ›

The goddess or Devi of wisdom embodies the flow of wisdom and consciousness. The chants to her are called the "Saraswati Vandana" which often begin and end the Vedic lessons. The Hindus believe that Saraswati endows human beings with the power of speech, wisdom and learning.

What did Saraswati create? ›

Saraswati is the Hindu goddess of wisdom, knowledge, truth, education, and the arts. The goddess Saraswati is credited with creating the Sanskrit language, the language in which the Hindu holy texts are written. Saraswati is depicted as having four arms.

Who is the biggest unicorns of India? ›

BYJU's was India's biggest unicorn as of January 2023, in terms of market valuation. India has the second highest number of unicorns in Asia-Pacific and the third highest concentration worldwide.

Who are the 100 unicorns in India? ›

List of 100 Unicorn Startups in India | 2023 Updated
  • Shiprocket.
  • 5ire.
  • OneCard.
  • LeadSquared.
  • Purplle.
  • PhysicsWallah (PW)
  • Open.
  • Games24x7.
Sep 17, 2022

What does unicorn mean in India? ›

Unicorn is a term used in the venture capital industry to describe a privately held startup company with a value of over $1 billion.

What are some Indian unicorns? ›

Startups that entered the Indian unicorn club in 2021 were Flipkart Moglix, BharatPe, CoinDCX, upGrad, Groww, BlackBuck, Droom, OfBusiness, Meesho, Chargebee, CRED, Digit, Gupshup, Infra.Market, MindTickle, Five Star Business Finance, Innovaccer, Pharmeasy, Sharechat, Urban Company, Zeta, Eruditus, Zetwerk and ...

Who are the recent Indian unicorns? ›

Amagi, Darwin Box, Fractal, Hasura, LeadSquared, and Uniphore were the six startups from the sector which turned unicorn. In 2021, fintech and ecommerce produced the highest number of unicorns (11 each). Together, they produced 52% of the total unicorns in the year.

Who is the 108th unicorn in India? ›

Molbio will become 108th Unicorn so far in India.

How did unicorns go extinct? ›

However, starting about 35 thousand years ago, as the deep cold extended further south, the steppe became more like tundra, denying the unicorn its primary food source, and this was perhaps a decisive factor in its extinction.

Do unicorns exist on earth? ›

The real Siberian unicorn, Elasmotherium sibiricum. Tens of thousands of years ago, unicorns did, in fact, exist. They were just more hideous than you'd ever imagine. In real life, the Siberian unicorn looked more like a giant, hairy rhino than a Lisa Frank horse.

What is a unicorn in the Bible? ›

A re'em, also reëm (Hebrew: רְאֵם), is an animal mentioned nine times in the Hebrew Bible. It has been translated as "unicorn" in the King James Version, and in some Christian Bible translations as "oryx" (which was accepted as the referent in Modern Hebrew), "wild ox", "wild bull", "buffalo" or "rhinoceros".

What is the concept of unicorn? ›

The term unicorn refers to a privately held startup company with a value of over $1 billion. It is commonly used in the venture capital industry. The term was first popularized by venture capitalist Aileen Lee. Unicorns are very rare and require innovation.

What did unicorns represent? ›

With its white horse-like body and single spiralling horn, the unicorn is a symbol of purity, innocence and power in Celtic mythology. Legend also tells that their horns can purify poisoned water, such is the strength of their healing power.

What is the role of a unicorn? ›

A unicorn is a person who is willing to join an existing couple. They may join the couple only for sex, or they may become a more involved part of the relationship and spend nonsexual, companionship time together too.

Who is the first Indian unicorn? ›

InMobi is the first Indian startup that attained unicorn status almost 11 years ago. It started its journey as a mobile advertisement optimization agency and has become the first unicorn startup in India.

Who is Indias first unicorn? ›

1. MakeMyTrip. MMT became the first ever Unicorn in India in 2010.

Where did the myth of unicorns come from? ›

The unicorn myth originated shortly after unidentified horn-like objects, from six to ten feet long, began to appear in ancient European marketplaces. Physicians quickly ascribed outlandish healing properties to these horns, pulverizing them for the treatment of various diseases.

Where did the story of unicorns come from? ›

The first written evidence we have for unicorns appears in ancient Greece, not (as you might expect) in writings of mythology but in 'natural history' writings, once again on the ancient Near East. The earliest accounts come from the writer Ctesias in the 4th century BCE.

Did unicorns ever exist? ›

Thanks to a newly discovered skull fossil found in the Pavlodar region of Kazakhstan, we now know that the unicorn — or "Elasmotherium sibiricum" — roamed the planet roughly 29,000 years ago and looked more like a rhinoceros than a horse.

What does a unicorn mean spiritually? ›

Unicorn Symbolism and Meaning

The unicorn is a symbol of purity and grace. This majestic creature represents all that is good in the world and reminds us that we should strive to be our best selves. Those with the unicorn as their spirit animal are gentle souls who deeply understand the world around them.

What are 3 interesting facts about unicorns? ›

Here are the Top 10 Facts about unicorns that you need to know.
  • A unicorn is a mythical creature! ...
  • Unicorns have one horn in the middle of their head! ...
  • They are Scotland's national animal. ...
  • Ancient Greeks were the first people to write about unicorns. ...
  • Pharmacies sold powdered unicorn horns.
Jan 15, 2023

What is the enemy of the unicorn? ›

The lion is said to be the unicorn's enemy, perhaps due to its stature as King of the Jungle, and many illustrations attest to competitions between the two.

What is a unicorns natural enemy? ›

According to folklore, the lion and the unicorn hate each other - a tradition going back to the ancient Babylonians in 3,500 B.C.


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