Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (2023)

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As the only rescuer performing CPR on a 1-year-old, I would perform the following cycles:

30 chest compressions and 2 breaths

Which of the following statements would you identify as the universal sign that a conscious person is drowning?

throat tightening

The skipper asks, "Should we take them to the first aid room?" What should you do next?

Tell the client not to move the victim as there is no immediate danger.

What is the best way to protect yourself from the possible transmission of bloodborne pathogens when caring for a child?

Wear protective equipment such as disposable gloves and a respirator when styling.

A user slurred his words, cannot raise his right arm to the level of his left arm, and cannot smile without one side of his face drooping. These are symptoms of:


You're walking to the pool deck when the swim team coach suddenly collapses in front of you. During the initial examination, he discovers that the victim does not have a pulse. You should:

Immediately begin CPR with cycles of 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths.

When using ventilation, which of the following is most important in protecting you and the victim from disease transmission?

resuscitation masks

You are ventilating a 5-year-old boy with a ventilation mask. You must go live every 1x:

3 seconds

You are caring for an adult who is unresponsive and not breathing due to choking. You take your first breath before performing CPR and notice that your chest does not rise. Which of the following should you do next?

Tilt the victim's head back and try another breath.

A client appears to be having a diabetic emergency. You should:

Give them a glucose pill.

As he prepares to use an AED on a victim, he notices a drug patch on the victim's chest. What size is the right one?

Remove the label with a gloved hand.

Which of the following statements about BVM is more accurate?

Ventilation is most effective when 2 rescuers operate the BVM.

...perform an initial examination and determine that the victim has a pulse but is not breathing. Which of the following should you do next?

Give breaths at the rate of 1 approximately every 5-6 seconds

She and another lifeguard prepare to resuscitate an adult who has collapsed in the locker room. Noticing that there is no breathing or pulse, they state: “The victim has no pulse. Begin CPR." What should the other lifeguard do next?

start chest compressions

A visitor cut his leg on the edge of the stands and is bleeding profusely. Do you think the boss is in shock because he:

Become reckless and irritable.

One person was injured and is doing well. They get approval to examine the victim for life-threatening conditions. Under what life-threatening conditions would you need to call emergency services immediately?

persistent chest pain

You notice a victim is unresponsive, but breathing. While waiting for rescue with the victim, place the victim:

in a stable lateral position

An AED indicates "shock not recommended." Which of the following actions is the most appropriate to take?

Perform CPR for approximately 2 minutes.

When a victim has a seizure in the water:

Hold the victim with the head above the water until the seizure is over.

You arrive at a scene where someone appears to be injured. During the primary assessment, you must verify all of the following EXCEPT:


If you use an AED, what should you do immediately after placing the AED pads on the victim's chest?

Tell everyone to keep their distance.

What should you do first when approaching an emergency location?

Get up close to the scene while getting a first impression.

You are nursing a conscious baby who is choking. What would she see if she applied chest compressions?

2 or 3 fingers

In a primary evaluation, which of the following should you consider first?


They perform CPR on a victim and a rescuer arrives. Which of the following is the best action for the first responder to take?

Make sure emergency services have been called.

Where should you place your fist when giving abdominal thrusts to a choking adult?

In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel.

His first impression shows severe and life-threatening bleeding from an adult victim who appears to be unresponsive. YOUR next step should be:

Control bleeding by any means available.

An injured user responds and bleeds out. After calling emergency personnel, obtaining consent, and donning disposable gloves, what is the next step in care?

Press firmly against the wound with a sterile bandage and packing.

Let the wound bleed until it stops on its own.

check the answer.

What is the first step you should take when caring for a burn victim?

Remove the victim from the source of fire.

You are serving a customer who has started to choke on some food. The victim stops responding. Which of the following should you do first?

Lower the victim to the floor and begin CPR, beginning with chest compressions.

DURING respirator ventilation, victim vomits. Which of the following would you do first?

Lay victim on side and immediately clear vomit from airway.

Which of the following signs and symptoms would you use to determine if a victim is having difficulty breathing?


One way to remember the questions to ask when getting a short story is to use the acronym SAMPLE. What does the S in SAMPLE mean?

Signs and symptoms

Which of the following statements about performing CPR with 2 or more rescuers is correct?

To reduce rescuer fatigue, rescuers should change positions approximately every 2 minutes or while the AED is being tested.

You and another lifeguard give rescue breaths with a BVM. They place the mask over the victim's mouth and nose. What should the other rescuer do?

Squeeze the bag with both hands.

To ensure quality CPR and chest compressions, you should:

Expose the victim's chest to ensure proper hand placement and full recoil of the chest.

Which of the following findings would lead you to the conclusion that a child's airway is patent and unobstructed?

The child cries uncontrollably.

How would you position your hands when giving chest compressions to an adult?

Palm of the hand in the center of the chest, other hand on top

A 12-year-old boy in a swimming competition clutches his chest and begins to whistle. After obtaining consent for care, the child's parent will inform you that the child has asthma, but he does not have an inhaler nearby. What precautions should he take?

Call for more advanced medical personnel and place the victim in a position that facilitates breathing.

How can you best protect yourself from this?
bloodborne pathogens
provide care?

that is, use personal protective equipment (PPE),
like disposable gloves and a breather
barrier in nursing.

A 12-year-old boy holds his chest in a swimming competition
and begins to make hissing noises. After you
Obtain consent for care, inform mother
You who have a history of asthma, but
keep your inhaler nearby. what care should
do you supply?

B. Incorporate more advanced medical equipment.
and place the victim in a position that

During a concession snack one
The boy suddenly grabs his throat with both hands.
You ask him if he's drowning and he frantically shakes his head.
Yes. You activate the emergency measures of your institution
Plan (PAE). They identify themselves as first responders and
Obtain parental consent. You should
do you have the next one?

i.e. stand or kneel behind the victim and yield
5 punches in the back and 5 lunges in the stomach.

You and another lifeguard find an unconscious person
Adult on the dressing room floor. you activate
EAP of your facility, analyze the scene and execute
a primary evaluation. You can't find the victim.
moving or breathing, but has a pulse. You should
Call the emergency services and:

a. Give 1 breath approximately every 5 seconds.

You come across a scene where a pattern appears.
injure. Before approaching the victim, what
Here's What You Won't Do When You Resize
to dinner?

C. Start with the primary assessment.

When providing care during an emergency, the
of the following should you do first?

C. Extend to dinner.

As the first lifeguard on the scene, it's you
Performing CPR on an adult. when running
Chest compressions, how deep should you go
compress the chest?

i.e. at least 2 inches

CPR should be performed in which of the
following the victims?

C. One who is in cardiac arrest

What is the first step in the cardiac chain?
of survival?

that is, early detection and access to emergency services (EMS).

You care about a victim who has a heart
Attack. Which of the following would you do first?

that is, call the emergency services.

After turning on the automated external defibrillator (AED), you should:

a. Connect the electrodes and have the AED analyze
heart rate

To ensure effective chest compressions during
CPR, which of the following is the most appropriate?

a. Let the chest come back completely.
between compressions

They perform CPR on a victim and a second
the lifeguard comes. Which of the following is the most
appropriate for second lifeguard first?

C. Make sure emergency services personnel have a
been called

Which of the following is most important to use
during ventilation to protect you and them
Victim of disease transmission?

not HLW-Atembarrieren

They oversee the maintenance of the building.
Worker who fell down the stairs. That
The victim is conscious. Which of the following should
you do it first

C. Obtain the consent of the victim
provide care.

Which of the following should you invoke?
emergency services?

i.e. a victim with an open leg wound with
protruding bones

They pull an unconscious adult out of the water who rarely chokes. During the initial examination, you discover that the victim has a pulse. What should you do next?

that is, take 2 initial breaths.

When there is a risk of AED pads coming into contact
others, such as B. with a young child or baby, you must:

a. Place an electrode in the center of the chest and
the other in the back.

They assessed the scene and decided
The scene is safe. When running an elementary school
Estimate which of the following options
do you have the next one?

a. Check responsiveness

Which of the following statements about
bag-valve-mask ventilators (BVMs).
mostly sure?

C. Two rescuers must operate the BVM.

They prepare the ventilation of a
5-year-old boy with ventilation mask. You
must air every 1x:

C. 3 seconds

If you are compressing a child's chest during CPR, you should
should compress at a rate of at least as much
Compression per minute?

b. 100

An AED recommended administering a shock.
Which of the following options is appropriate?

that is, tell everyone to stay away from the victim.

They're about to attach AED electrodes to the victim's chest.
if you notice that the victim has several bodies
Jeweled chest piercings. Which of these
Is this what you should do?

a. Put the pads on your chest and pay attention.
Avoid jewelry.

The cycle of chest compressions and ventilations in
Two-rescuer CPR for an infant is:

B. 15 chest compressions and 2 breaths.

They are placed over the child's head and use a resuscitation mask for ventilation. After placing the mask, which of the following
should do next?

that is, seal the mask.

You take care of a patron who started
choke on some food. the victim becomes
unconscious. Which of the following should you
do first?

B. Carefully lower the victim to the ground and
open your airways.

Where should you place your hands when trading?
Chest compressions on a child during CPR?

C. One hand on the forehead and one on top
the chest

When throwing abdominal punches at an adult, where should you place your fist?

that is, in the trunk

caring for an awake baby
that suffocates which of the following is
more suitable?

Position the child so that the head is lower than
the chest

One person was injured and is conscious.
You should:

B. Obtain consent, trace victims
life-threatening conditions and have a say
the victim to find out what happened.

The purpose of the second evaluation is:

B. Identify and maintain conditions that are not
life risk.

An injured host is conscious and bleeding
Strong. After calling the rescue personnel,
Get Consent and Create Disposable Items
Gloves, what is your next care step?

i.e. using a sterile wound, press firmly against the wound
bandage and bandage.

A way to remember what questions to ask and when.
to take a short story is to use the shortcut
SHOW. What does the A in SAMPLE mean?

C. allergies

What is the first step you should take when caring for a burn victim?

C. Remove the victim from the source

When a victim has a seizure in the water:

that is, support the victim with their head held high
Water until the seizure is over.

During a swimming meet, the stands are behind you.
The guard station suddenly collapsed. how do you check it
In the scene, you notice several people appearing.
hurt. Who should you go to first?

B. A man who appears unconscious.

When treating musculoskeletal injuries, what
means RICE?

a. rest, immobilize, refresh, elevate

Signs and symptoms of sudden illness
not included:

C. Bruising or stiffness of the abdomen.

What does the C in LOC mean?

C. Consciousness.

You notice a Patronus swimming around you.
he suddenly slips under the water without a fight and doesn't come back to the surface. This person probably:

B. A passive victim who needs help.

The main duties of a lifeguard include:

C. Swimming pool inspection and salvage teams
before the facility opens and checkout closes
Attention to clients in the water being active
Scanning of the assigned area. B. Move the victim directly to a table.

3. A man is unexpectedly pushed backwards and falls from the deck into the water and is in danger. After activating the Emergency Action Plan (EAP), which is included in your next steps.

i.e. extend a lifeline for him while he stays
on deck, so pay special attention.

Which of the following is one of the main functions of a lifeguard?

a. enforce the rules and regulations of the facilities and
educate customers about them

5. For deep water head, neck or back injuries:

a. Minimize movement of the victim's head and
Neck with head splint technique.

When scanning your area, do you see a person
motionless in the water. the steps you follow
be carried out in case of a water emergency
following order:

C. Activate the EAP, enter the water, insert
appropriate rescue service take the victim to a safe place
Exit point, remove the victim from the water
and provide emergency care when needed.

7. While scanning the pool, notice a customer
fights while swimming and then sinks
Water. Which of the following statements is true?

a. You have a duty to act and fulfill it.
proper ransom.

A lifeguard at his post can no longer see some of the guests to one side of the swimming area due to glare from the afternoon sun. To maintain an effective watch on visitors, the lifeguard must:

a. Adjust your position slightly to eliminate glare.
location of their surveillance area.

A Patronus begins to run on deck. You whistle to get their attention. Then apply the rules and regulations:

C. I told him that he could slip or fall and that he had to
walk on deck

When caring for the head, neck or
Spinal cord injury in water, proper manual online
The stabilization is:

B. Main railway technology supply.

Cooperation with other lifeguards, facility personnel, and
The supervisor as a team is:

B. One of the main tasks of
a life saver

You are a lifeguard on duty during a
busy family swim. It is important:

B. Check all areas in your assigned area of
take cover and take your rescue hose with you

13. A head, neck or spinal injury is rare:

a. In deep water at a supervised facility.

Which of the following statements about randomness are correct?
fecal discharges (AFR)?

C. Need water treatment, temporary pool
Closure and immediate attention of the lifeguard.

You are a familiar swimmer as a lifeguard when you notice a swimmer swim the entire pool underwater. To do?

C. Prevent him from proceeding with this immediately.
activity and explain the hazards of the activity.

After removing a conscious victim you suspect has a spinal injury from the water, you must do all of the following except:

C. Dry the victim and apply pads
where did.

17. Two lifeguards are on duty during a public bath. They are taking a break. A lifeguard activates the facility's EAP for a submerged passive victim and enters the water. What steps should you take next to help with the rescue?

B. Take the table to the lifeguard and help him.
when removing the victim from the water as the
another lifeguard cleans the pool.

A lifeguard watches over bathers and monitors the bottom, middle and surface of the water. He shows:

B. Effective scanning.

A mother and her son walk towards you; She claims that he fell onto the pool deck and hit his head. They notice blood and fluid coming out of his ear and he feels dizzy. What steps should you take next?

that is, provide manual stabilization while the other
Lifeguards prepare to take you on board.

The lifeguard waits for the pool to open
very busy in the afternoon. For an effective patron
Monitoring, set up multiple lifeguard stations to reduce the number of guests supervised by each lifeguard. This type of coverage is called:

that is, area coverage.

To scan effectively, you must:

i.e. move your head and eyes while scanning to see
directly to each area instead of looking at one
fixed address.

If you are caring for a conscious person
You are suspected of having a head, neck or back injury and were injured when you fell onto the pool deck:

that is, do not move the victim unless the scene
it becomes insecure.

A woman collides with another swimmer
Jump in the pool and ask the lifeguard
Help. Without making an assessment, the lifeguard tells the woman that she can continue swimming. The woman leaves the scene and seeks medical help at a hospital after experiencing tingling in her arms and legs. The lifeguard can be:

c. Neglected.

During a weather-related power outage at a facility, you must:

a. Get everyone out of the pool.

Lifeguard practice during part-time training
the steps to recognize a distressed swimmer,
Rescue an active victim, report to management, and interview witnesses. Lifeguards practice parts of a(n):

B. contingency plan.

You enter the engine room and find a
maintenance worker lying on his back
walk next to a ladder. They analyze the scene and
determine that it is safe to enter. During the initial examination, he discovers that the victim is unconscious but breathing. You have to go out and get help, which should
They do?

a. Move it to the H.A.IN.E.S. Position.

Which of the following statements is true if the
Did the facility hire you as the only lifeguard to keep an eye on visitors?

a. You have been designated for comprehensive insurance.

Which of the following items of equipment should be easily accessible in an emergency?

B. rear panel, DEA

A technique to minimize movement of the victim
with suspected head, neck, or spinal injury lying face down at the surface in less than 3 feet of water:

B. Headboard technique.

When three lifeguards are on duty, an emergency backup supply is provided:

C. When a lifeguard enters the water to rescue.

What is least important for a safe group visit to a swimming pool?

C. Ensure that multiple activities are planned.
for the group

When caring for someone with a suspected spinal injury, attach the straps to a board in the following order:

i.e. upper chest, hips, thighs

It is the main objective of the institution.
Management to provide everything but that
The following?

that is, educate and reinforce sponsors
configuration rules

The hazard communication standard includes
Have safety data sheets. What is
included in this information?

B. Contains information about what kind of
Chemicals are used in the facility.

A Patronus dives into the shallow end of the pool. You suspect you have a head, neck, or spinal injury because:

C. blood in ears and nose.

What is the main function of a lifeguard?

Prevent drowning and other injuries at your water facility

Give three examples of lifeguards doing their main job.

1. Monitoring activities in and out of the water
2. Elimination of dangerous situations/behaviors
3. Identify and respond to all emergencies

List five examples of secondary responsibilities that should never interfere with user monitoring.

1. Finalization of records and reports
2. Pool maintenance
3. Take swim tests
4. Give swimming lessons
5. Pool Water/Chlorine Level Test

List five characteristics of a professional lifeguard.

1. reliable
2. maduro
3. polite
4. positive
5. knowledgeable

First responders must:
a. Always keep a cell phone in your pants pocket for emergencies.
B. Stay alert by eating at the lifeguard station
C. Always be alert and sit or stand during the service.
i.e. assisting guests with swim tests when on call


A lifeguard texts while on duty and doesn't recognize a swimmer in distress. What rule of law could be a problem for this lifeguard?


List the five steps a lifeguard must take when obtaining consent from an injured or ill person before providing first aid or emergency care:

1. Say your name
2. Inform your level of education
3. Ask if you can help
4. Explain that you want to help them
5. Explain what you intend to do

Why is it important to participate in preseason orientation and training?
a. to ensure first responders understand their responsibilities and how to carry out their work
B. to ensure first responders practice using their facility's safety and rescue equipment and EAP
C. to ensure first responders understand facility codes, rules and regulations
that is, all of the above


What does EAP mean?

emergency action plan

Why is it important for lifeguards and other team members to understand and practice the EAP?

because everyone needs to know their responsibilities and know how to carry them out effectively

What is the best practice for the frequency of participation in in-service training at well-managed aquatic facilities?

at least 4 hours of extra-professional training per month

What does FIND mean?

P - Find out the problem
I - identify possible solutions
N - List the pros and cons of each solution
D - Decide which solution is better than acting on it

What items are considered personal protective equipment for a first responder?

- Gloves
- Dresses
- eye protection
- Revitalizing Mask

What equipment must a lifeguard wear or maintain on duty at all times? List 2 and justify.

1) Lifeline – can keep multiple victims afloat
2) Fanny pack with gloves and respirator mask: must be immediately accessible in an emergency

What safety equipment/items should be easily accessible for a lifeguard? Please list at least 2 and describe how/when each item is used.

1) Table: remove the victim from the water if he cannot do it himself
2) AED - helps the heart to restore an affective rhythm

As a first responder, you are responsible for:

consistent application of your facility's rules and regulations

List 5 general rules that are generally appropriate in a water installation.

1. Only swim when lifeguards are on duty
2. Do not swim with open or infected wounds
3. No running, pushing or rough play
4. Follow the instructions of the lifeguard
5. Diving only in designated areas

Explain what it means to be “equipped and ready to rescue”.

Equipped and ready to rescue means you are wearing or carrying the appropriate rescue equipment and are ready to enter the water to rescue

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (1)

Active frontal rescue of wounded

1. Approach the victim from the front
2. Take the rescue hose under your arms and push it in front of you
3. Slide the rescue tube slightly under the water and into the victim's chest.
4. Keep pedaling with arms outstretched

There are generally three types of distressed or drowning swimmers. List each type with three observable characteristics.

emergency swimmer:
- Head out of water
- floating or stepping on the water
– Trying to protect yourself by holding onto or holding on to a track line or safety line
Drowning Victim - Active:
– Head tilted back with face up
– Difficulty keeping or placing the head on the surface of the water
- no progress
Drowning Victim - Passive:
– Face up or down in water or underwater
- not breathing
[Sleep floating on the surface or underwater/submerged at the bottom

walking stations

good to use with a crowded area

elevated stations

ideal for a system with only one protection

earth stations

brings you closer to customers for easy support

floating stations

Used in waterfront installations to patrol the outer edge of a bathing area

A lifeguard on duty should be able to see a drowning victim inside...

30 seconds

The size of a zone must allow a lifeguard to recognize an emergency, reach, extricate, and ventilate the victim within _______. Explain why.

1.5 - 2 minutes
to make sure you get there fast enough to rescue them.

What is the difference between full and zonal coverage?

Complete coverage: you are the only lifeguard doing surveillance
Coverage Zone: The bathing area is divided into separate zones with one zone for each lifeguard station

First responders should be active _____ in their zones. Why?

investigation – to make sure they don't miss anything that's going on, such as someone drowning or in danger

You see a dive with only two clients. All of the following will help you deal with monotony EXCEPT for what?
a. Stay fully involved and don't let your attention wander.
B. Change your body position and posture regularly.
C. Cordón Whistle
i.e. sit upright and slightly forward


The glare from the lights on the water and the movement of the water make it difficult to see all areas in your area. Please circle all acceptable options.
A. Wear polarized sunglasses.
B. Adjust your posture; Stand up to look around you and see through the lens flare.
C. Change the lifeguard station with the permission of your supervisor
D. Observe the normal appearance of the pelvic floor; learn what drains, colored tiles or painted depth markings look like
E. Do not change position as lifeguard stations are located in an aesthetically pleasing manner


Your place is very hot and you start to nod in the booth. All of the following can help you stay alert, except what?
a. Stay in a cooler area during breaks
B. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water
C. spin more often
i.e. during your shift on duty, jump in the pool to cool off


Why is it important for lifeguards to conduct sandbox drills?

to ensure they are suitable for proper user monitoring and response time for victims in the water

Rapid deep breathing is a dangerous technique used by some swimmers when trying to swim long distances underwater or holding their breath for long periods of time while submerged in one place.


RID significa:

R - Reconnaissance (a swimmer in distress or a drowning person)
I – Intrusion (don't let secondary tasks or your main job get in the way)
D - Distraction (don't let other people distract you from your work)

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (2)

active rescue of victims from behind

1st approach from behind
2. Reach under the victim's armpits and firmly grasp the shoulders. Tell the victim that you are there to help and reassure her.
3. Squeeze the rescue hose between the victim's chest and back.
4. Lean back and pull the victim towards the pipe.

passive front rescue

1. Extend your right arm toward the victim's right arm and hold the victim's wrist while holding the rescue hose with the other hand.
2. Pull and swing the arm toward the opposite shoulder to roll the victim onto their back
3. When pulling and turning, slide the rescue tube under your back as you turn
4. Place the tube under the shoulders.
5. Reach over the victim's shoulder with one arm and grab the rescue tube

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (3)

Passive rescue of victims from behind.

1. Reach under the victim's armpits with both arms and hold the shoulders firmly.
3. Squeeze the rescue hose between the victim's chest and back.
4. Roll victim to side by lowering shoulder and rolling onto back
5. Reach over the victim's shoulder with one arm and grab the rescue tube

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (4)

victim submerged in shallow water

1. Squat down to grab the victim under the armpits.
2. Roll the victim onto their back when they reach the surface
3. Continue to support the victim's arms and place the rescue tube under the victim's shoulders.
(do the same for the victim at or near the surface in shallow water)

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (5)

rescue of multiple victims

1. Approach the victim (who is underwater) from behind
2. Perform an active rear rescue
3. Assist both victims until other lifeguards arrive

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (6)

insert entry

Used in shallow water
crowded pools
When the victim is suspected of having a head, neck, or spinal injury

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (7)

skip step

Use the step jump only when the water is at least 1.5 meters deep and you are not more than 3 meters above the water.

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (8)

compact jump

Use it to enter the water from the deck or when you are more than 3 feet above the water, such as when boating. B. at a lifeguard station) and the water must be at least 5 feet deep.

Entrance to run and swim.

To enter the water from a wave pool or from the shore

List the top three strategies a lifeguard can use to prevent injuries at an aquatic facility.

1. Inform and educate users
2. Apply rules
3. Use and read nonverbal communication

List three things that can help determine if a life jacket is right for the job.

1. US Coast Guard Approved.
2. No shrinkage of floating material
3. Buckles and straps in good condition
4. No rips, tears or holes.

Many facilities face unique challenges that require different types of monitoring. For each of the situations below, list two guidelines to keep in mind when tracking visitors
1. Supervised areas for small children
2. Game structures

Child Custody:
1. Please be careful not to let children get too hot or too cold.
2. Young children can fall into shallow water play structures and be unable to get up:
1. Do not allow guests to swim under the buildings
2. Pay close attention to running water, as it can scare people away.

Identify three strategies to ensure safe group visits

1. Assessment of swimming ability (swim test)
2. Safety guide
3. Identification of group leaders/carers

Why is it important to educate your guests about safety in and out of the water?

to protect them and make sure they are aware of facility policies

Describe the steps of the swim test:

1. Enter the water and fully immerse yourself
2. Come back to the surface and stay there for at least 1 minute.
3. Rotate 360 ​​degrees and align to exit
4. Swim at least 25 meters upside down or on your back
5. Leave the water

Why should an EAP be site specific?

- different layouts
- different EMS response times
– Different emergencies require different measures

Give three examples of situational EAPs.

1. Ground Emergency - Injury or Illness
2. Water Emergency - Drowning Victim - Passive
3. Water Emergency - Drowning Victim - Active

Place the following EAP actions for a situation where the victim is responsive and does not require additional attention:

bailing out

Device Verification/Corrective Action


back to duty

inform, advise, release

1. Initial payment

2. Redemption

3. inform, advise, release

4. Device verification/corrective action

5. Return to service

What should other lifeguards do during a rescue if the victim is unresponsive and needs additional attention?

1. Monitoring backups

2. Water or land rescue and emergency care

3. free area

What should additional members of the safety team do during a rescue if the victim is unresponsive and requires additional attention?

1. Clean the area

2. Call the emergency services

3. Bring extra gear

4. Crowd control

5. Meeting with the EMS team

When completing a report, you must:

Gather only factual information about what you saw, heard, and did

Who should handle media inquiries after an incident?

the facility manager and company spokesperson

Why might a supervisor choose not to reopen a facility that was closed during an emergency?

– contaminated surfaces (blood)

– missing or damaged equipment (EMS takes the table)

Safety team members, including non-lifeguard personnel, must:

trained and certified in first aid and CPR/AED to the same level as the lifeguard team

After an emergency is resolved, there are three important tasks left to complete. explain them.

*Report:* The person performing the rescue must complete the form and only include factual information about what they saw, heard or did

*Note:* Safety Precautions To prevent a similar incident from happening again, we recommend that you consult a doctor

*Release:* Victim can be released after emergency care or forward care to rescuers

Describe three places where emergencies can occur near the pool and pool deck

- locker room
- Parking place
- Playground

Touching dirty dressings contaminated with potentially infectious material is an example of:
a. indirect contact
B. direct contact
C. contact drop
i.e. vector rendered contact


Examples of Work Practice Controls (work methods that reduce the likelihood of exposure)
a. Dispose of sharp objects in a puncture-resistant, leak-proof labeled container.
B. Remove soiled protective clothing as soon as possible and dispose of properly.
C. Clean/disinfect all equipment and work surfaces that may have been contaminated with blood or other potentially infectious material
that is, all of the above


The OSHA recommended solution for disinfecting contaminated or dirty equipment and surfaces is:
a. 4 cups of bleach per gallon of water
B. 1 cup of ammonia per liter of water
C. 1/4 cup of antibacterial soap per gallon of water
that is, 1 part bleach to 9 parts water


Describe six actions you must take or decisions you must make when performing a scene zoom

1. Look for hazards that may pose a danger to you or the victim
2. Wear the right PPE
3. Determine the number of victims injured or sick
4. Determine the nature of the illness or the cause of the injury.
5. Get a first impression, whether or not it's life-threatening
6. Determine what additional resources are needed

put in order the following general procedures for sudden injuries or illnesses ashore:

do a primary assessment

beware of found states

Call EMS if necessary and have not already done so

endorse dinner

inform, advise and approve

do a second review

1. Zoom in on the scene

2. Conduct a primary assessment

3. Call EMS if necessary and you haven't already

4. Take a secondary assessment

5. Provision of states found

6. inform, advise and release

When should a victim be moved from the ground?

– are exposed to imminent danger
- need to find other victims who have more serious injuries or illnesses
– it is necessary to ensure adequate care

When to call first or negotiate first when ALONE

*call first:*
- Users older than 12 years do not respond
- child or baby faints suddenly
- unresponsive child or baby with heart problems
(Call first in cardiac situations mainly)
*caution first:*
- unresponsive toddler or toddler you didn't see collapse
– Suspected drowning victim
(respiratory emergencies)

How do you tell the difference between an adult, a child and a baby?

Adult: 12 years or older
Boy: 1 - onset of puberty (growth of breasts or underarm hair)
Baby: less than 1 year

During the initial examination, you determine that the victim is not breathing and does not have a pulse. Would you give two rescue breaths before starting CPR?

Generally, start CPR with chest compressions, unless it is a drowning situation, in which case you should start with two breaths.

If the victim is not breathing but has a pulse, perform CPR. How do you provide ventilation for adults, children, babies?

Adult: 1 breath every 5-6 seconds
Child and baby: 1 breath every 3 seconds

If the victim is not breathing and has no pulse, what should you do?

Begin CPR, beginning with compressions (unless it is a drowning emergency)

Describe the two types of respiratory distress:
1. Shortness of breath
2. respiratory arrest

Anguish - breathing becomes difficult
Prison - Atemaussetzer

Name 5 possible causes of shortness of breath

1. Partially obstructed airway
2. Illness
3. Heart attack
4. allergic reactions
5. Overdose

when caring for someone who has difficulty breathing:
A. Ask the victim to stand up and lean back to ease breathing.
B. Determine the exact cause of the difficulty breathing before providing first aid.
C. Not allowing the victim to take the prescribed medication.
D. Keep airway clear and call emergency services.


Name 5 possible causes of respiratory arrest

1. drown
2. Blocked airways (asphyxia)
3. Heart attack
4. Shock
5. emotional stress

Check if someone is breathing (select all that apply)
A. See if the victim's chest rises and falls significantly.
B. Check breathing before checking pulse.
C. Check breathing and pulse at the same time.
D. With your back to the victim's chest.
E. Keep the victim's mouth closed.
F. Listen and feel for air on one side of your face.


The normal respiratory rate for an adult is between ____ and ____ breaths per minute

12 y 20

What is the purpose of a lifeguard in caring for a drowning victim who is not breathing?

Remove face and mouth from water and begin CPR.

What should you do if you are giving rescue breaths and the victim's chest does not rise after the first breath?

Bow your head again and try again. if unsuccessful, switch to compressions

All of the following descriptions describe the appropriate care for an awake person with airway obstruction, except:
A. Check that the victim is breathing and pulsating for no more than 10 seconds
B. Perform a combination of five back punches delivered through five abdominal thrusts
C. Obtain consent; if the victim is a child, obtain the consent of a parent or legal guardian
D. If the victim is not coughing, speaking or breathing, activate the EAP and have someone call 911.


What should you do when a choking victim consciously becomes unresponsive?

– Place them on a flat surface
– Initiate CPR by initiating compressions
– After each set of compressions, check the mouth for foreign objects before starting ventilation

Describe the five links in the adult cardiac chain of survival.

- Recognize an emergency and call 911
- early CPR
-early defibrillation
- extended life support
Comprehensive care after cardiac arrest

How much does the victim's chance of survival decrease each minute?


What is the pediatric cardiac chain of survival?

1. Injury prevention and safety
2. Early CPR
3. Early emergency care
4. Pediatric prolonged life support
5. Integrated care after cardiac arrest

What should you do if you think someone is having a heart attack?

- Call the emergency services
– Have the victim stop the activity and rest in a comfortable position
– Loosen tight clothing
– Monitor victims closely until emergency services arrive
– Trostopfer
– Prepare for the use of CPR and AED

Signs of cardiac arrest are:
a. sudden collapse
B. Vomit
C. I touch the salad
i.e. no answer
Y. rapid pulse


What is the purpose of CPR?

perform a combination of effective chest compressions and ventilations to circulate oxygenated blood to the victim's brain and other vital organs

Compressions at the correct rate are a minimum of ___ per minute and a maximum of ___ per minute

100, 120

What is the proper compression depth when performing CPR on an adult?

at least 2 inches, but not more than 2.4 inches

When should rescuers change positions when providing CPR to two rescuers?
a. at least every 2 minutes
B. after 5 cycles of 30 compressions and 2 breaths
C. during the DEA analysis
that is, all of the above


You arrive on scene while another rescuer is performing CPR, what should you do first?

ask if they called EMS. If not, call 911

Red Cross Lifeguard Quiz Answers 2022 » Quizzma (9)

Two CPR Modifications for Baby Rescuers:
Compression Rate - Aeration
compression technique

Compression ratio for ventilation:
Compression technique:
thumb circle technique

Three examples of why a rescuer can or should stop CPR:

1. obvious sign of life
2. The DEA is ready for analysis
3. The scene becomes unsafe
4.EMS take over

True or False: It is inappropriate to use an AED on a pregnant victim. Why?

Wrong: the fetus is more likely to survive if the mother survives. Use the AED as usual

Compression depth for children

about 2 inches

Infant Compression Depth

1.5 inches

CPR cycles for a rescuer

30:2 (30 chest compressions for 2 breaths)

CPR cycles for two rescuers

Adult: 30:2
Child and babe: 15:2

how long you should be on ventilation before reassessing breathing and pulse

2 minutes

list general procedures for situations involving water rescue

1. Activate the EAP
2. Enter the water if necessary
3. Make a proper exchange
4. Take the victim to a safe starting point
5. Remove the victim from the water
6. Provision of emergency care as needed
7. inform, advise, release

What factors should be considered when deciding how to enter the water?
a. place of sacrifice
B. location of other swimmers
C. size of the victim
that is, the condition of the victim
Y. water temperature
F. Your location
G. Furniture/Furniture
H. Type of equipment used

A, B, D, F, G, H

What are the two most common assists and when should each be used?

1. Simple Support - Used in shallow water to assist a person to their feet or rescue a submerged victim in shallow water within reach

2. Reach Help: Help a struggling swimmer who is near the edge of the pool or a dock (extend the hose towards them)

They approach a victim who is standing vertically in the water, close to the surface by 4 feet.
of water. The victim is in front of you and appears to be unconscious. What rescue should she use?

passive front rescue

You approach a child who has his back to you and you struggle to hold him.
your head above the water

active rescue of victims from behind

Approaching from behind a victim who appears to be unconscious

Passive rescue of the victim from the posterior wall with posterior recovery using a posterior plate.

a victim in the water is not breathing. to do?

Remove victim from water as soon as possible / if this delays care, provide ventilation in water

What are the four main objectives in any rescue situation?

1. Ensure the safety of the victim, herself and those close to her. This includes entering, approaching, redeeming, withdrawing and providing

2. use an appropriate and effective rescue technique for the situation

3. Get a proper evaluation, always treating life-threatening conditions first

4. Handle the rescue with a sense of urgency

Upon completing a secondary assessment, lifeguards use SAMPLE to collect a brief addressable casualty history. What does the SAMPLE mnemonic mean?

S - Signs and Symptoms
A - Allergies
M - drogas
P - relevant story
L - last oral intake
E – Events leading up to the incident

Name five symptoms of sudden illness

1. Nausea or vomiting
2. sweating
3. severe headache
4. Changes in skin color
5. Slurred speech or slurred speech

list general precautions for sudden injury or illness on land

1. Care of life-threatening conditions

2. Monitor your health and watch for LOC changes

3. Make the victim feel comfortable and reassure her

4. Prevent the victim from getting cold or overheating

5. Do not give anything to eat or drink unless the victim is awake, able to swallow, and following simple commands, and consumption is indicated as per treatment recommendations.

6. Take care of any other problems that arise

How should you care for a victim of a diabetic emergency?

When the person is awake and can swallow safely and follow simple commands, give sugar (glucose tablets - 15 to 20 grams).
if not available, 15 to 20 grams of sugar can be given from various sources, including glucose: candy, gum, orange juice, or whole milk

When should you call emergency services for a victim of a diabetic emergency? give 2 examples

– The person does not respond
– The person responds but is not fully awake and cannot swallow
- person does not feel better or gets worse within 10 to 15 minutes of eating sugar
- a form of sugar cannot be found immediately

Give three reasons why you should call emergency services for a victim who is having or has had a seizure.

– The seizure occurs in the water.
– The seizure lasts more than 5 minutes
- The cause of the seizure is unknown.

Perform the following response and precautionary steps to rescue a user in the water who is having a seizure

pull the person out of the water

do a primary assessment

Hold the person with their head above water until the seizure stops.

call the rescue teams

If breathing is normal, place victim on side and monitor airway and breathing.

1. Summon the EMS staff

2. Support the person with their head above water until the seizure stops.

3. Get the person out of the water

4. Conduct a primary assessment

5. If breathing is normal, turn victim to side and monitor airway and breathing.

They do a secondary investigation on an adult customer who lost his balance on the pool deck. The boss drawls as he explains that his arm is numb. What sudden illness could have this pattern?
a. myocardial infarction
B. diabetic emergency
C. seizure
i.e. hit


What does FAST mean? when would you use

F = Face - Weakness on one side of the face
A = Arm - Weakness or numbness in one arm
S = Speech: slurred speech or slurred speech
T = Time - Call emergency personnel if any of these signs or symptoms are observed

What are the goals of a lifeguard while waiting for the rescue to arrive?

1. Treat any life-threatening condition first
2. Help the victim to rest in a comfortable position and reassure her.
3. Monitor victim status and look for LOC changes
4. Prevent the victim from freezing
5. Address other issues that arise, such as B. Vomiting

All of the following are signs and symptoms of shock EXCEPT
a. altered level of consciousness
B. hot or dry skin
C. restlessness or irritability
i.e. nausea or vomiting


Fill in the blank: ______________ is a life-threatening condition that occurs when body systems are overwhelmed by heat and stop working. List three signs and symptoms of the disease described above.


1. LOC Changes
2. Warm skin
3. Wet, dry or red or pale skin
4. Visual disturbances

Head, neck, or spinal injuries are often caused by high-impact or high-risk activities. What are examples of these activities in an aquatic environment?

- diving headfirst into shallow water
- Falls from a height greater than standing
- Entering the water from a height such as B. a springboard, slide, embankment, cliff, or tower
- get hit on the head
– Collision with another swimmer

General rescue procedures for treating a head, neck, or back injury in water, in order:

Check responsiveness and breathing.

Activate PAE

Perform a manual stabilization rescue online

reassess the condition of the victim and provide appropriate care

enter the water safely

Remove the victim from the water using the proper backboard technique.

1. Activate the EAP

2. Enter the water safely

3. Perform a manual line stabilization rescue

4. Check reactions and breathing

5. Remove the victim from the water using the proper backboard technique.

6. Reassess the victim's condition and provide appropriate care

The ____________ technique is used for manual in-line stabilization of victims in the water

main lane

Boards are standard rescue equipment used in aquatic facilities to immobilize and lift the victim out of the water. Tables work best when equipped with:

– a chest strap to secure the victim to the board
– a head immobilizer that can be installed on top or in the head of the dash

They enter the water to rescue a victim with a suspected spinal injury. They discover that the victim is not breathing. What should you do next?

a. Remove the victim from the water using the passive rescue technique

B. Remove the victim from the water using the spinal approach technique.

C. Remove the victim from the water using a modified back plank procedure

i.e. delay the removal of water and provide 2 minutes of ventilation in the water


All of the following statements describe proper rescue techniques for a casualty with suspected spinal injury EXCEPT:

a. If the victim is in shallow water, they do not need to use a rescue tube to protect themselves.

B. If the victim is in shallow water, you must not use the bailout tube when submerging and bringing the victim to the surface.

C. If the victim is small and in shallow water, it is not necessary to use a board to free the victim.

i.e. if the victim is on the surface in deep water, you may need a bailout tube to support you and the victim


When rescuing a victim with a suspected head, neck, or spinal injury using the spinal approach procedure, communication with the victim is important. What should first responders tell the victim?

- Let the victim know what you are doing and reassure her.
– Tell the victim not to nod or nod, but to answer “yes” or “no”.

Describe four ways extra lifeguards can help with the spinal board and getting out of the water.

– Assistance with diving, positioning and stabilization of the deck table
– Help the underwater rescuer in deep sea
– Communication and tranquility to the victims
– Take the table out of the water

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